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Table 1 Generosity of unemployment benefits at different points during an unemployment spell

From: Activation and employment support policies in OECD countries. An overview of current approaches

  Year1 Year2 Year3 Year4 Year5 Five year average
Belgium 71.4 64.5 64.5 64.5 64.5 65.8
Ireland 63.8 63.9 63.9 63.9 63.9 63.9
Austria 62.1 58.9 58.9 58.9 58.9 59.6
New Zealand 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5 49.5
Australia 47.4 47.4 47.4 47.4 47.4 47.4
Portugal 76. 76.1 54.4 24.1 4.6 47.1
Germany 64.4 47.5 41.3 35.0 35.0 44.7
France 66.9 66.9 28.8 28.8 28.8 44.0
Finland 61.7 58.5 31.8 31.8 31.8 43.1
Sweden 60.2 58.7 55.6 19.2 7.7 40.3
Norway 73.2 73.5 18.0 17.5 17.5 39.9
Spain 68.4 64.7 23.5 23.5 12.8 38.5
Iceland (b) 59.3 54.6 54.6 7.7 7.7 36.8
Denmark 74.1 74.1 9.6 9.6 9.6 35.4
Netherlands 73.0 61.2 5.3 5.3 5.3 30.0
United Kingdom 31.2 29.5 29.5 29.5 29.5 29.8
Canada 62.4 17.1 17.1 17.1 17.1 26.2
Switzerland 83.0 41.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 24.9
Luxembourg 85.5 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.1 24.4
Slovenia 56.8 11.8 11.8 11.8 11.8 20.8
United States 51.0 46.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 19.4
Hungary 44.4 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 17.0
Poland 46.9 8.6 8.6 8.6 8.6 16.2
Slovak Republic 37.6 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.5 15.9
Japan 48.1 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 14.0
Estonia 50.1 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 13.7
Greece 46.8 8.9 4.0 4.0 4.0 13.6
Czech Republic 30.0 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 12.8
Israel 44.3 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 11.0
Italy 45.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 9.0
Turkey 40.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 8.1
Korea 29.3 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 6.3
OECD (average) 56.4 35.5 22.8 19.0 17.7 30.3
  1. Net replacement rates in percent, 2010 policy parameters a.
  2. a. Countries shown in descending order of the five-year average. Calculations consider cash incomes (including family benefit, which may be available regardless of employment status or income) as well as income taxes and mandatory social security contributions payable by workers. To focus on the role of unemployment benefits, no social assistance or housing-related benefits are considered (see Figure 1 for “all-in” replacement rates including these safety-net benefits) and any entitlements to severance payments are also excluded. Net replacement rates are for a prime-age worker (aged 40) with a “long” and uninterrupted employment record and are averages over 12 months, four different stylised family types (single and one-earner couples, with and without children) and two earnings levels (67% and 100% of average full-time wage).
  3. b. Excluding the retroactive extension of unemployment benefits from three to four years which was passed in December 2010.
  4. Source: OECD tax-benefit models (http://www.oecd.org/els/social/workincentives).
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