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Table 3 Descriptive statistics

From: Do firms make greater use of training and temporary employment when labor adjustment costs are high?

Variable Number of observations Mean Std. Dev. Min Max
Firm provides formal training (0/1) 10894 0.527 0.499 0=no 1=yes
Firm uses temporary workers (0/1) 10894 0.451 0.498 0=no 1=yes
Perceptions (No obstacle)      
Minor obstacle (0/1) 10771 .227 .419 0=no 1=yes
Moderate to very severe obstacle (0/1) 10771 .315 .464 0=no 1=yes
Age (Less than 5 years old)      
5 to 15 years old (0/1) 10894 .540 .498 0=no 1=yes
16 or more (0/1) 10894 .308 .462 0=no 1=yes
Size (Less than 20 employees)      
20 to 100 employees (0/1) 10894 0.322 0.467 0=no 1=yes
More than 100 employees (0/1) 10894 0.301 0.459 0=no 1=yes
Publicly owned (0/1) 10894 0.121 0.327 0=no 1=yes
Innovator (0/1) 10894 0.645 0.478 0=no 1=yes
Manufacturing sector (0/1) 10894 0.588 0.492 0=no 1=yes
Domestic ownership (0/1) 10894 0.822 0.382 0=no 1=yes
Country income level (Low income)      
Lower Middle income (0/1) 10894 0.660 0.474 0=no 1=yes
Upper Middle income or high income (0/1) 10894 0.130 0.336 0=no 1=yes
Labor regulations indexes      
Regular employment index 10894 0.341 0.132 0.09 0.68
Temporary employment index 10894 0.402 0.356 0.00 0.95