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Table 1 Coefficient estimates describing in (usual weekly earnings) and state unemployment rates, CPS-MORG, 1979–2009, all workers*

From: Wage discrimination over the business cycle

  Nonhispanic Whites, females relative to males Nonblack Hispanics (relative to Nonhispanic Whites) Blacks (relative to Nonhispanic Whites)
M -0.0764 -0.0717 -0.2086 -0.1902 -0.1453 -0.1523
  (0.0018) (0.0018) (0.0032) (0.0033) (0.0026) (0.0026)
M × Married -0.1546 -0.1548     
  (0.0011) (0.0011)     
U** 0.8104 0.5062 0.3453 -0.0580 0.3722 0.0532
  (0.0220) (0.0277) (0.0180) (0.0242) (0.0178) (0.0239)
M × U -0.8744 -0.9163 0.6360 -0.0280 0.1098 0.3660
  (0.0254) (0.0252) (0.0512) (0.0516) (0.0394) (0.0395)
Fixed effects:       
State   x   x   x
Year x x x x x x
Adj. R2 0.698 0.704 0.689 0.694 0.693 0.698
N = 4,343,280   4,734,522   4,829,326  
Average effect of M (log points) -0.223 -0.221 -0.170 -0.192 -0.139 -0.130
  1. *Each equation includes a vector of indicators of educational attainment, quadratics in usual hours and potential experience, and indicators of marital status, metropolitan location, veteran status and private/public sector employment. The equations also include an inter-action of gender and marital status, and those in Columns 3–6 include a main effect of gender. Robust standard errors in parentheses below the parameter estimates here and in Tables 2, 3 and 4.
  2. **Measured as a fraction here and in subsequent tables.