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Table 3 Descriptive statistics of SSDI applicants, 1990s vs. 2000s, at the month of application

From: How do people with disabilities cope while waiting for disability insurance benefits?

  1990s 2000s
  Mean Standard deviation Mean Standard deviation
Age 45.1 0.3 44.4 0.85
Male 55.2 1.28 47.2 3.02
Race     
  White 78.1 1.03 77.8 2.01
  Black 19.4 0.99 20.1 1.94
  Other 2.5 0.37 2.1 0.6
Education     
  High-school drop-out 33.8 1.15 21.7 2.03
  High-school graduate 37.7 1.17 35.7 2.44
  Some college 28.6 1.09 42.6 2.9
Marital status     
  Married 51 1.21 47.7 2.75
  Divorced 25.4 1.07 25 2.12
  Single 18.5 0.97 22.5 2.95
Family/household structure     
  Family size 2.7 0.05 2.6 0.09
  Household size 2.9 0.05 2.9 0.07
  Number of kids in family 0.7 0.03 0.7 0.05
Employment     
  Employed this month 24.8 1.05 26.4 2.18
Income     
  Income (person) 1,087 49.44 954 70.1
  Income (household) 3,093 76.91 3,057 161.5
  Earnings (monthly, person) 415 31.6 417 51.96
  Earnings (household) 2,051 65.29 2,164 139.84
SSDI     
  Application right-censored 13.6 0.83 19.5 2.19
  Application duration 6.7 0.38 5.9 0.55
  Month of first benefit payment -12.7 0.63 -12.6 0.82
  Joint SSDI/SSI application 47.8 1.21 47.6 2.8
N 2,058   2,536