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Table 2 Summary statistics for political variables before 2000

From: The political economy of the disability insurance: theory and evidence of gubernatorial learning

  N Mean Std. Dev. Min Max
Panel A: gubernatorial descriptive variables
First term governors 895 0.607 0.489 0.000 1.000
Second term governors 895 0.306 0.461 0.000 1.000
Third term or later governors 895 0.087 0.282 0.000 1.000
Governor is a democrat 912 0.487 0.500 0.000 1.000
Governor’s age 912 53.50 7.90 34.00 78.00
Panel B: gubernatorial outcome variables
Incumbents lost re-election 234 0.128 0.335 0.000 1.000
Incumbents could not run for re-election 905 0.239 0.427 0.000 1.000
Incumbents eligible to run but did not 839 0.175 0.380 0.000 1.000
Percent of votes captured by winner 250 56.88 7.69 35.40 82.40
Governors won with a margin of greater than 10 percentage points 950 0.625 0.484 0.000 1.000
Panel C: rules impacting gubernatorial influence/power
Governors has a line-item veto 912 0.854 0.353 0.000 1.000
Super-majority requirements for tax or expenditure increase 900 0.183 0.387 0.000 1.000
State has a limitation on tax or expenditure increases 900 0.453 0.498 0.000 1.000
State has a restrictive tax/expenditure limitations 900 0.258 0.438 0.000 1.000
Panel D: other political variables
One party received more than 60 percent of votes 384 0.167 0.373 0.000 1.000
Fraction of state senate members who are democrats 891 0.573 0.176 0.114 1.000
Fraction of state house or assembly members who are democrats 892 0.567 0.173 0.157 0.952
Fraction of state senate members who are women 912 0.191 0.085 0.016 0.433
Fraction of state house or assembly members who are women 912 0.142 0.093 0.000 0.469
Governor and legislative majority are of opposite parties 912 0.475 0.500 0.000 1.000
Governor and the president are of the same party 950 0.382 0.486 0.000 1.000
Governor and the president are of different parties 950 0.618 0.486 0.000 1.000
Governor is a republican and the president is a democrat 909 0.226 0.418 0.000 1.000
Percentage of expenditures that are deficit spending 864 0.438 0.080 0.238 0.705