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Table 7 Estimates of differences in allowance rates by gubernatorial term length for subgroups before 2000

From: The political economy of the disability insurance: theory and evidence of gubernatorial learning

  (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8)
  Sample restricted to states in years in which they have     
  Full sample Unemployment % of expenditures Split government Restrictions Super-majority Republican Governor with
   rate above which are deficit (governor and on tax and requirements for governor line-item veto
   national median spending above legislative expenditure new tax or   (Can reject
   unemployment average % of majority of increases expenditure laws   single items
    deficit spending opposite parties)     in legislation)
Panel A: dependent variable is Disability Insurance (DI) only allowance rate
=1 if multi-term governor 1.35** 2.44*** 1.10* 1.35 1.92** 3.20*** 2.52*** -0.14
  (0.62) (0.87) (0.61) (0.87) (0.81) (1.10) (0.93) (1.01)
=1 if the previous governor is from the same party 0.84 2.62*** 0.33 0.74 1.74** 0.90 1.12 0.99
  (0.56) (1.00) (0.73) (0.81) (0.74) (1.23) (0.88) (0.97)
=1 if governor cannot run again -1.01 -2.88*** -1.15 -2.59*** -1.24 -4.38*** -2.76*** -0.75
  (0.63) (0.90) (0.73) (0.85) (0.92) (1.01) (1.05) (1.02)
Panel B: dependent variable is concurrent (DI + SSI) allowance rate
=1 if multi-term governor 1.61** 1.71** 1.48* 1.80* 2.10** 3.34*** 2.32*** 0.02
  (0.65) (0.85) (0.78) (0.92) (0.93) (1.08) (0.85) (1.20)
=1 if the previous governor is from the same party 0.21 1.38 0.12 0.54 1.03 0.44 0.63 0.57
  (0.53) (0.86) (0.73) (0.83) (0.72) (1.03) (0.81) (1.09)
=1 if governor cannot run again -1.67*** -2.21** -1.76** -3.02*** -1.79* -3.51*** -2.70*** -0.79
  (0.62) (0.92) (0.81) (0.86) (0.97) (0.94) (0.98) (1.19)
Observations 745 265 329 371 317 144 368 287
  1. Heteroskedasticity and autocorrelation (4 lags) robust standard errors at the state level in parentheses. Coefficients that are significant at the.10 [.05] (.01) are marked with *[**](***). Regressions all include additional controls for state marriage rates and age-adjusted state death rates.