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Table 2 Private and fiscal returns to schooling

From: The costs of early school leaving in Europe

Country After-tax rate of return to an additional year of schooling Recovery rates on educational expenditure
Austria 8.52% 37.50%
Belgium 7.47% 108.58%
Denmark 7.99% 12.93%
Finland 9.98% 154.93%
France 8.63% 93.96%
Germany 9.13% 139.15%
Greece 9.18% 84.64%
Ireland 11.03% 201.31%
Italy 8.44% 82.99%
Netherlands 6.95% 37.98%
Portugal 10.30% 57.08%
Spain 7.50% 126.63%
Sweden 4.28% -26.07%
UK 12.25% 115.21%
  1. Source: De la Fuente and Jimeno (2009).