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Table 5 Track choice: the probability of taking vocational studies vs. the academic track after compulsory education (marginal effects)

From: Dropout trends and educational reforms: the role of the LOGSE in Spain

  Males Females
  (1) (2) (1) (2)
Demographics     
Born Abroad -0.0464* -0.0464* -0.0793*** -0.0793***
  (-1.81) (-1.81) (-5.54) (-5.53)
Father present -0.0633*** -0.0632*** -0.0555*** -0.0555***
  (-7.25) (-7.24) (-7.87) (-7.84)
Mother present -0.0425*** -0.0426*** -0.1035*** -0.1036***
  (-3.64) (-3.67) (-12.47) (-12.45)
Father dropout 0.0632*** 0.0633*** 0.0503*** 0.0503***
  (7.03) (7.07) (5.75) (5.73)
Mother dropout 0.0140 0.0140 0.0079 0.0080
  (1.57) (1.57) (1.06) (1.06)
Cohort effect 0.1600** 0.1740** 0.1644*** 0.1691***
  (2.10) (2.15) (4.34) (3.82)
Labour Market and Business Cycle (regional)
Expected real wage ratio, -0.0218 -0.0223 -0.0446*** -0.0432***
workers age 30 (-0.77) (-0.85) (-2.85) (-2.74)
Share of employment -0.3834 -0.5175 -0.4537 -0.4826
in construction (-0.99) (-1.36) (-1.29) (-1.35)
Unemployment rate 0.0805 0.0570 0.5190** 0.5319***
  (0.35) (0.23) (2.55) (2.64)
Growth rate -0.0979 -0.1086 0.3611* 0.3422
  (-0.30) (-0.33) (1.65) (1.57)
Educational model     
Competences in 0.0239 0.0296 0.0296 0.0298
Education (0.62) (0.84) (0.88) (0.99)
Adequacy rate 15 (%) -0.0002 -0.0002 -0.0005 -0.0003
  (-0.18) (-0.16) (-0.40) (-0.26)
Incidence of the LOGSE     
% studying LOGSE 0.1193   0.0333  
  (1.19)   (0.28)  
% studying FP-I 0.2817* 0.2392 0.4093*** 0.4059***
  (1.81) (1.56) (3.38) (2.88)
% studying ESO-I   0.0277   0.0511
   (0.78)   (1.22)
R-squared 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02
Observations 33988 33988 39941 39941
  1. Full sample (18-24) that has completed compulsory education.
  2. NOTES: The difference between (1) and (2) relies in the set of educational indicators included in the specification. ***significant at 1%; **significant at 5%; *significant at 10%. Omitted variables: regional & cohort dummies. Marginal effects after probit estimation. Reported t-stats constructed from standard errors clustered by region.