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Table 4 Estimated wage equations when the replacement rate and progressivity variable are instrumented by reform variables based on estimated Mincer wages

From: Earned income tax credits, unemployment benefits and wages: empirical evidence from Sweden

  (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9)
Inflation     .843*** .745*** .736*** .743*** .761*** .675***
     (.048) (.031) (.031) (.032) (.031) (.042)
Change in replacement rate .107***   .201*** .215*** .246*** .241*** .241*** .239*** .181***
  (.010)   (.020) (.024) (.019) (.019) (.019) (.019) (.019)
Change in progressivity variable   -.330*** -.401*** .442*** .540*** .485*** .504*** .494*** .429***
   (.064) (.074) (.126) (.155) (.155) (.161) (.160) (.155)
Change in unemployment rate      -.214*** -.189*** -.204*** -.165*** -.301***
      (.059) (.059) (.064) (.060) (.064)
Dummy for earlier unemployment      .003*** .003*** .003*** .003*** .007***
      (.001) (.001) (.001) (.001) (.001)
Male     .044 .073 .061 .064 .095* -.160***
     (.051) (.053) (.052) (.053) (.052) (.059)
Age     -.096*** -.096*** -.247*** -.235*** -.249*** -.385***
     (.002) (.002) (.015) (.017) (.015) (.017)
Age squared       .176*** .164*** .180*** .311***
       (.018) (.020) (.018) (.021)
Payroll dummy 2007        -.001   
        (.002)   
Payroll dummy 2009        .004**   
        (.002)   
Controls     Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Entrepreneurs excluded         Yes  
Full-time employed          Yes
N 426 819 426 819 426 819 426 816 426 816 426 816 426 816 417 633 319 510
  1. Note: Dependent variable: first difference of log nominal wage. Sample period: 2006-2009. IV estimations (2SLS). Where indicated, the controls comprise educational level and type, region of birth and civil status. The constant is not reported. Robust standard errors are reported within parenthesis. ***: significant at the 1 per cent level; **: significant at the 5 per cent level; *: significant at the 10 per cent level. The coefficients and standard errors for Male and Age have been multiplied by 100, and the coefficient and standard errors for Age squared by 1002.