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Table 8 Poverty measures

From: Taxation and female labor supply in Italy

   Head count Poverty Aggregate
   index ( % ) gap poverty gap
   (1) (2) (3)
Benchmark Model
Married (Joint decision) 0 children 13.90 137.69 13439.31
  1 child 12.81 168.79 17874.27
  2 children 12.02 194.08 21906.01
Married (Inelastic husband’s LFP) 0 children 16.71 163.04 16615.21
  1 child 15.73 205.91 22153.21
  2 children 15.54 248.64 27208.92
Unmarried Men 0 children 28.75 170.91 11712.83
  1 child 34.74 344.25 19521.33
  2 children 18.60 245.18 25963.36
Unmarried Women 0 children 32.51 193.28 11712.83
  1 child 32.07 317.76 19521.33
  2 children 53.33 702.86 25963.36
Joint Tax
Married (Joint decision) 0 children 15.64 155.00 17927.00
  1 child 18.92 249.34 23842.90
  2 children 15.71 253.75 29220.93
Married (Inelastic husband’s LFP) 0 children 16.64 161.89 18337.78
  1 child 17.27 224.64 24486.23
  2 children 18.29 290.10 30111.85
Unmarried Men 0 children 29.97 172.24 12420.33
  1 child 54.93 544.29 20700.47
  2 children 23.26 306.48 27531.62
Unmarried Women 0 children 34.85 207.23 12420.33
  1 child 52.69 522.15 20700.47
  2 children 72.38 953.89 27531.62
Working Tax Credit
Married (Joint decision) 0 children 16.07 159.225 14769.07
  1 child 17.73 233.61 19642.85
  2 children 9.95 160.68 24073.51
Married (Inelastic husband’s LFP) 0 children 16.54 163.91 16638.86
  1 child 15.65 206.30 22129.67
  2 children 15.31 247.21 27121.26
Unmarried Men 0 children 31.47 187.08 12832.33
  1 child 37.87 375.26 21387.15
  2 children 18.60 245.18 28444.91
Unmarried Women 0 children 35.66 212.00 12832.33
  1 child 35.81 354.82 21387.15
  2 children 49.52 652.66 28444.91
Gender-Based Tax
Married (Joint decision) 0 children 2.22 28.13 3146.27
  1 child 1.92 31.12 3838.30
  2 children 2.18 45.87 4534.91
Married (Inelastic husband’s LFP) 0 children 2.85 37.72 8581.80
  1 child 5.37 82.08 10813.72
  2 children 9.87 165.28 13015.35
Unmarried Men 0 children 1.37 18.97 1092.37
  1 child 4.07 61.34 1458.27
  2 children 4.65 61.30 1786.77
Unmarried Women 0 children 0.99 11.37 1092.37
  1 child 4.89 51.89 1458.27
  2 children 7.62 100.41 1786.77
  1. Source: Authors’ computations from EU-SILC data (2007-2011).