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Table 5 The effects of European Structural Funds on annual growth in population

From: European structural funds during the crisis: evidence from Southern Italy

Dep. var.: annual growth in population (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) Test for (1)-(5) jointly zero (p-val)
2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13
  OLS  
ln(annual per capita payments)t −0.0002 0.0003 0.0014** 0.0012** 0.0011** 0.0082
(0.0004) (0.0004) (0.0005) (0.0005) (0.0005)  
  LLM FE  
ln(annual per capita payments)t −0.0004 −0.0002 −0.0003 0.0000 0.0014 0.5489
(0.0004) (0.0005) (0.0005) (0.0006) (0.0010)  
  With f i ′ and f i ′ × 1[sec ond year]  
ln(annual per capita payments)t −0.0003 −0.0001 0.0002 0.0002 0.0004 0.7046
(0.0003) (0.0004) (0.0004) (0.0006) (0.0005)  
  With selected covariates (double selection)  
ln(annual per capita payments)t −0.0005* 0.0001 0.0001 −0.0000 0.0003 0.3452
(0.0003) (0.0004) (0.0004) (0.0005) (0.0005)  
Obs 650 650 650 650 650  
  1. Note:
  2. Standard errors clustered for LLM in parentheses. See Tables 12 for other info. The “double selection” has been conducted separately for each couple of years. See Additional file 1: Table S4 for the coefficients on these variables
  3. *p < .10 **p < .05 ***p < .01