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Table 4 Evaluation studies on labor market training

From: Youth unemployment and active labor market policies in Europe

Author Country Treatment Sample Horizon Estimation Employment Unemployment Education Quality/Wages
Winter-Ebmer (2006) Austria School-based, full-time retraining courses and coaching Unemployed ≤26, lay-offs at Steel Factory Five years after treatment Tobit IV 0 n/a n/a +
Jensen et al. (2003) Denmark (1) Introduction of vocational education program with 50% reduction of UB during participation Unemployed 16 to 24 years, long-term unemployed, low education levels. Up to 10 months after introduction Competing risk duration model 0 n/a + 0
Hämäläinen and Ollikainen (2004) Finland Labor Market Training school-based, various durations Youth Practical Training: paid training within a firm First-time unemployed youth, between 16 and 30 years 5 years after entry Propensity Score Matching LMT: + YPT: 0 LMT 0 YPT: 0 LMT - YPT: 0 LMT + YPT: 0
Bonnal et al. (1997) France (1) Workplace training on a temporary contract Young men who were less than 26 years, low or high levels of education Directly after participation, 6–12 months and > 12 months after participation Multiproportional hazard model with unobserved heterogeneity Low educ: + high educ: 0/- Low educ: - high educ: 0/ + n/a + (probability of employment over 1 year)
Brodaty et al. (2011) France (2) General or job-oriented practical training Low-skilled unemployed below 27 years Up to 6 month after treatment Propensity Score Matching with PS derived from a competing-risk duration model 0 (relative to JCS) - relative to fixed-term contracts n/a n/a n/a
Cavaco et al. (2004) France (3) Retraining and job seeking assistance for 6 months Recently displaced workers with min 2 years experience in the firm, <25 years Up to 3 years after program entry Generalized Tobit Model with multiple selectivity criteria + n/a n/a n/a
Achatz et al. (2012) Germany (1) Short coaching or classroom training 18–30 year old recipients of means-tested UB benefits entering treatment within 9 weeks of start of receipt Up to 30 months Propensity Score Matching + n/a n/a n/a
Bernhard and Kruppe (2012) Germany (2) Medium- to long-term labor market training based on vouchers Unemployed between 15 to 24 Up to 28 month after program entry Propensity Score Matching + 0 n/a n/a
Caliendo et al. (2011) Germany (5) Classroom based training programs Unemployment entrants up to 25 years, East and West separately, high/low previous education (lE,hE,lW,hW) Up to 5 years after treatment entry Propensity Score Weighting lE: 0 hE: + lW: + hW: + n/a lE: - hE: - lW: - hW: - n/a
Hartig et al. (2008) Germany (6) Short coaching or classroom training Unemployed between 15 to 25 years, receiving means-tested benefits, by East/West/ Male/Female (Wm, Wf, Em, Ef) Up to 25 months after treatment entry Propensity Score Matching Wm: + Wf: 0 Em: 0 Ef: 0 Wm: 0 Wf: 0 Em: 0 Ef: 0 n/a n/a
Wolff and Jozwiak (2007) Germany (9) Short classroom training Unemployed 15–24 receiving means-tested unemployment benefits Up to 20 months after program start Propensity Score Matching Men: + women: 0 Men: 0 women: + n/a n/a
Hardoy (2005) Norway Mix of classroom and firm-based training, max 6 months with potential subsequent program participation Unemployment entrants between 16 to 25 2 years after unemployment entry Structural discrete choice model with selection - + (also ALMP participation) - n/a
Hardoy (2005) Norway Classroom training for work-related skills, up to 5 months Unemployment entrants between 16 to 25 2 years after unemployment entry Structural discrete choice model with selection - + (also ALMP participation) - s n/a
Carling and Larrson (2005) Sweden (2) Youth Guarantee (workplace training, classroom trainig, mix of the two) within 100 days of unemployment entry 20 to 24 year old unemployment entrants 18 months years after unemployment entry DIDID, using variation in time, age and municipality dimensions n/a - n/a n/a
Costa Dias et al. (2013) Sweden (3) Practical labor market training (mostly work) Unemployment men 20 to 24 years 1 and 2 years after unemployment registrations Propensity Score Matching with IV-correction exploiting age-eligibility cut-offs - + + (upon request) n/a
Forslund and Skans (2006) Sweden (5) Youth practice vs. classroom training Unemployed youth between 20 and 24 Up to two years after program entry Propensity Score Matching, Regression + 0 n/a +
Larrson (2003) Sweden (6) Labor market training of different durations First-time unemployed youth 20 to 24 years One and two years after program start Propensity Score Matching 0 n/a 0 -
Andrén and Gustafsson (2004) Sweden (7) Labor market training Unemployed entering training 20–25, different cohorts: T1(84/85), T2(87/88), T3(90/91) Average of three years after treatment entry Selection model with random coefficient n/a n/a n/a T1: 0 T2: + T3: + /0
Dorsett (2006) UK (3) Full-time education (FTET) relative to other NDYP-options Unemployed male UB benefit claimants for longer than 6 months, 18 to 24 years Up to 1.5 years Propensity Score Matching -/0 (relative to JCS, WS, and extended job search) + (rel. to WS), -/0 (relative to JCS and extended job search) n/a n/a