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Table 4 Estimated utility function by gender and household type

From: Women’s and men’s responses to in-work benefits: the influence of children

  Household without children Household with children
Utility parameters   P.E. S.E.    P.E. S.E.  
α w   −4.681* 1.494    −5.317* 0.131  
α m   −2.909 8.248    −4.468* 0.598  
α y   5.359* 1.623    2.395* 0.153  
α wy   −0.775* 0.389    −0.135* 0.059  
α my   −0.875* 0.369    −0.134* 0.033  
α wm   2.272* 0.573    −0.053 0.073  
ϕ (Stigma effect)   −48.66* 4.330    −38.87* 2.356  
  Men Women Men Women
Fixed cost P.E. S.E. P.E. S.E. P.E. S.E. P.E. S.E.
γ 1(FC, H {12, 27}) −25.957* 2.672 −19.884* 1.416 −17,125* 1.938 −18.742* 1.248
γ 2(FC, H {35}) −16.424* 1.154 −7.911* 2.582 −3,347* 0.837 −1.531* 0.227
γ 3(FC, H {38}) −12.823* 3.134 15.883* 2.928 −3,178* 0.227 14.595* 2.582
γ 4(FC, H {41}) 1.424 6.763 3.244 3.009 13,614* 0.490 5.238* 2.653
γ 5(Fc, H {50}) −23.739* 4.536 −1.920 3.063 −4,901* 0.329 8.027* 2.700
Number of households   1648    2102  
Log-likelihood/n   −3,848    −3,805  
Covariance matrix of unobservables       
  η m η w ε m ε w η m η w ε m ε w
η m 139.60* −0.096 0.108* 0.014 114.91* 0.507* 0.103* −0.001
η w   134.86* −0.001 −0.011   189.12* 0.021 0.001
ε m    0.159* 0.195*    0.145* 0.144*
ε w     0.079*     0.092*
  1. Note. *Significant at the 5% level. P.E. stands for parameter estimate. S.E. stands for standard error