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Table 2 Examples of participant-driven models

From: Supporting self-employment and small-scale entrepreneurship: potential programs to improve livelihoods for vulnerable workers

Model General description Main constraints addressed Implementation considerations Modifications for very vulnerable/self-employed Project examples
Technical Training Model with Entrepreneurship Track Technical or vocational training model that offers entrepreneurship support or a separate track for those interested Technical/vocational skills as well as business skills Training model does not lend itself to advisory and networking services Inclusion of literacy and numeracy AGI Liberia, Nepal
Vocational Training for youths with Disabilities in Western Area and Kono Districts, Sierra Leone
Psycho-social support
Business idea generation and support
Duration of training should consider skill sufficiency for self-employment Access to finance, networks, and advisory services need to be included
One Stop Shop/Service Window Training, finance, advisory and networking services available on demand, often through referral. Services are requested via a business idea or plan. Dependent on services provided and beneficiary needs—customized One-on-one advising to create business services package for each beneficiary An intermediation, hands-on approach, rather than light advising, is likely needed, with much more guidance and idea generation Women Entrepreneurship Development Project, Ethiopia
Self-Employed Women’s Association Community Learning Centers, India
Considerable linkages to other programs and institutions necessary to have sufficient services Linkage to social services/psychosocial support