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Table 1 Summary statistics for selected variables by wives’ employment status

From: Sharing housework between husbands and wives: how to improve marital satisfaction for working wives in Japan

  Wife not working Wife working part-time Wife working full-time
Variables Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD
Share of housework
 Wife: weekday 88.08 16.03 86.39 16.47 72.00 24.89
 Wife: weekend 75.79 19.85 76.93 19.19 67.78 22.39
 Husband: weekday 8.453 13.01 8.776 12.80 21.02 21.75
 Husband: weekend 20.45 18.06 18.30 17.52 27.16 21.64
 Other family members: weekday 3.464 9.520 4.818 11.22 6.840 16.84
 Other family members: weekend 3.758 9.628 4.767 10.12 5.011 12.31
Wife’s age 38.39 6.699 40.93 6.251 38.48 7.332
Wife’s education
 Less than high school 0.024 0.152 0.019 0.138 0.015 0.122
 High school 0.305 0.461 0.364 0.481 0.281 0.450
 Junior college 0.365 0.481 0.406 0.491 0.351 0.477
 College 0.307 0.461 0.211 0.408 0.353 0.478
Wife’s log of labor income 0.000 0.000 4.298 0.965 5.476 0.836
Husband’s age 39.86 7.040 42.70 6.836 40.22 7.945
Husband’s education
 Less than high school 0.025 0.156 0.042 0.202 0.039 0.194
 High school 0.246 0.431 0.351 0.477 0.273 0.446
 Junior college 0.128 0.334 0.170 0.376 0.177 0.382
 College 0.601 0.490 0.436 0.496 0.510 0.500
Husband not working 0.012 0.109 0.011 0.102 0.025 0.157
Husband works ≥60 h per week 0.257 0.437 0.218 0.413 0.222 0.416
Husband’s log of labor income 6.191 0.844 6.128 0.858 5.867 1.179
Length of marriage 11.32 6.946 15.02 6.489 11.73 8.208
Number of children
 Preschool children 0.690 0.814 0.296 0.591 0.315 0.602
 Elementary school children 0.444 0.695 0.542 0.741 0.312 0.612
 Junior/high school children 0.332 0.635 0.655 0.793 0.429 0.719
 Children older than 19 0.123 0.388 0.250 0.527 0.212 0.505
N 2779 2545 2267