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Table 2 OLS estimate of the shares of wife’s and husband’s housework on weekdays and weekends

From: Sharing housework between husbands and wives: how to improve marital satisfaction for working wives in Japan

  Wife’s weekday share of housework Wife’s weekend share of housework Husband’s weekday share of housework Husband’s weekend share of housework
Variables Coef. SE   Coef. SE   Coef. SE   Coef. SE  
Wife’s age 0.393 0.089 *** 0.387 0.097 *** −0.317 0.077 *** −0.315 0.089 ***
Wife’s education
Less than high school −0.966 2.504   0.559 2.454   0.612 1.829   0.058 2.109  
Junior college 0.808 0.712   0.830 0.758   −0.765 0.551   −0.736 0.675  
College 0.180 0.821   −0.006 0.914   0.626 0.680   0.707 0.847  
Wife works part-time 6.857 1.609 *** 5.254 1.610 *** −4.833 1.304 *** −4.436 1.483 ***
Wife works full-time −3.029 2.036   0.310 2.017   3.033 1.654 * −0.244 1.833  
Wife’s log of labor income −2.274 0.356 *** −1.639 0.338 *** 1.703 0.290 *** 1.463 0.312 ***
Husband’s age −0.211 0.077 *** −0.016 0.077   0.192 0.066 *** 0.036 0.071  
Husband’s education
Less than high school 0.838 1.887   0.219 1.985   −1.248 1.419   −0.575 1.662  
Junior college 1.641 0.882 * −0.579 0.942   −0.718 0.699   1.594 0.849 *
College 0.656 0.746   −1.020 0.810   −0.253 0.593   1.843 0.727 **
Husband not working 9.406 5.090 * −1.390 4.681   0.236 4.689   8.837 4.472 **
Husband works more than 60 h per week 3.776 0.579 *** 4.216 0.638 *** −3.453 0.461 *** −3.996 0.577 ***
Husband’s log of labor income 3.735 0.594 *** 0.729 0.544   −2.395 0.483 *** 0.339 0.491  
Length of marriage 0.103 0.083   0.111 0.089   −0.156 0.071 ** −0.165 0.081 **
Number of children
Preschool children 0.168 0.398   −0.692 0.448   −0.957 0.331 *** 0.446 0.415  
Elementary school children −0.784 0.402 * −0.401 0.430   −0.823 0.319 *** −1.114 0.386 ***
Junior/high school children −0.832 0.445 * −0.270 0.482   −1.178 0.366 *** −1.612 0.436 ***
Children older than 19 −0.632 0.706   −0.279 0.755   −1.139 0.593 * −1.225 0.688 *
Respondent is wife 5.747 0.581 *** 7.189 0.621 *** −6.030 0.478 *** −7.536 0.570 ***
R 2 0.190 0.110 0.216 0.152
N 6318 6300 6318 6300
  1. Note: All models include an indicator variable for whether the family has a mortgage, the amount of any monthly mortgage payment, whether the amount of the mortgage was not reported, whether the total family assets were not reported, the amount of total family assets, the respondents’ place of residence, and the survey year. Robust standard errors clustered at the individual level are in parentheses
  2. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001