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Table 6 Ordered probit estimates for changes in satisfaction with spouse

From: Sharing housework between husbands and wives: how to improve marital satisfaction for working wives in Japan

  Wife’s satisfaction with husband Husband’s satisfaction with wife
Variables Coef. SE Coef. SE Coef. SE Coef. SE
Spouse weekday share of housework × −0.0002 0.003    0.005 0.002*   
 Wife: not working → not working    0.012 0.009    0.001 0.005
 Wife: part-time → part-time    0.006 0.008    0.008 0.006
 Wife: full-time → full-time    −0.004 0.006    0.001 0.004
 Wife: not working → part-time    −0.018 0.010*    0.006 0.009
 Wife: not working → full-time    −0.012 0.018    0.010 0.016
 Wife: part-time → not working    −0.049 0.012***    −0.002 0.011
 Wife: part-time → full-time    0.025 0.009***    0.016 0.010*
 Wife: full-time → not working    0.007 0.015    0.024 0.006***
 Wife: full-time → part-time    −0.013 0.014    −0.006 0.009
Spouse weekend share of housework × 0.003 0.002    0.002 0.002   
 Wife: not working → not working    0.001 0.004    0.007 0.004*
 Wife: part-time → part-time    0.003 0.005    −0.008 0.006
 Wife: full-time → full-time    0.000 0.005    −0.001 0.004
 Wife: not working → part-time    0.001 0.005    −0.003 0.005
 Wife: not working → full-time    0.017 0.018    0.018 0.010*
 Wife: part-time → not working    0.034 0.009***    0.000 0.011
 Wife: part-time → full-time    −0.012 0.008    −0.001 0.007
 Wife: full-time → not working    −0.001 0.011    0.008 0.005
 Wife: full-time → part-time    0.018 0.015    0.017 0.009**
Wife: part-time → part-time    0.019 0.083    0.030 0.086
Wife: full-time → full-time    0.044 0.089    0.033 0.082
Wife: not working → part-time    −0.217 0.157    −0.449 0.210**
Wife: not working → full-time    −0.103 0.284    −0.702 0.314**
Wife: part-time → not working    −0.004 0.226    0.392 0.276
Wife: part-time → full-time    0.098 0.128    0.022 0.175
Wife: full-time → not working    −0.267 0.366    0.013 0.309
Wife: full-time → part-time    0.024 0.280    0.196 0.174
Wife’s log of labor income −0.034 0.017** −0.010 0.033 −0.023 0.015 0.076 0.047
Husband not working 0.853 0.338** 0.968 0.346*** 0.371 0.411 0.555 0.422
Husband works more than 60 h per week −0.067 0.063 −0.056 0.064 −0.002 0.072 0.001 0.075
Husband’s log of labor income 0.180 0.046*** 0.189 0.048*** 0.092 0.054 0.098* 0.055*
Other family members’ share on weekday −0.001 0.004 −0.001 0.004 0.001 0.005 −0.001 0.005
Other family members’ share on weekend −0.002 0.004 −0.004 0.004 0.009 0.005 0.009 0.006
Number of children
 Preschool children −0.195 0.072*** −0.218 0.075*** −0.161 0.061*** −0.158 0.064**
 Elementary school children −0.135 0.074* −0.150 0.079* −0.057 0.063 −0.056 0.066
 Junior/high school children −0.140 0.070** −0.136 0.074* −0.073 0.062 −0.045 0.066
 Children older than 19 −0.051 0.079 −0.058 0.081 0.034 0.085 −0.006 0.088
Log pseudolikelihood −1855.1 −1804.8 −1952.6 −1864.8
  1348 1319 1396 1344
  1. Note: All models include changes to the following variables between 2012 and 2014: whether the family had a mortgage, the amount of any monthly mortgage payment, whether the amount of the mortgage was not reported, whether the total family assets were not reported, the amount of total family assets, and respondents’ place of residence. Robust standard errors clustered at the individual level are in parentheses
  2. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001