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Table 13 Arrival cost of labor inspectors and enforcement of labor regulations

From: Enforcement of labor market regulations: heterogeneous compliance and adjustment across gender

Dependent variable Log(enforcement measure)
Men Women
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5)
Log(arrival cost)*shr04 −0.867 −0.515 −0.672 −0.453 −0.974
[0.269]*** [0.167]*** [0.313]** [0.180]** [0.244]***
Individual characteristics Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Political business cycle variables Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Quality of institutions variable Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Development level variables Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Demand shocks variables Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Province fixed effects Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Sector fixed effects Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Year fixed effects Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Province-time trends Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
F statistic 10.40 9.46 9.20 12.62 16.00
p value of underid. test 0.0012 0.0020 0.0158 0.0059 0.0001
Observations 148,166 148,166 83,906 83,906 83,906
R 2 0.697 0.695 0.733 0.737 0.708
  1. Source: Own elaboration. Notes: OLS estimations. Columns 1 and 3 show the first stage when testing for relocation decisions of firms. Columns 2 and 4 show the first stage when changing the definition of the instrument. Column 5 shows the first stage when re-weighting the sample of women. Standard errors clustered at the province-sector level in brackets
  2. Significant at ***1%, **5%, and *10%