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Table 4 Enforcement of labor regulations and compliance with mandated benefits by marital status

From: Enforcement of labor market regulations: heterogeneous compliance and adjustment across gender

Dependent variable =1 if wage employee receives
Social security benefits Employment benefits
Married Unmarried Married Unmarried
(1) (2) (3) (4)
Men
 Log(enforcement measure) 0.125 0.0565 0.0631 0.0620
[0.0388]*** [0.0246]** [0.0226]*** [0.0303]**
 Observations 93,037 55,129 93,037 55,129
R2 0.230 0.305 0.146 0.199
Women
 Log(enforcement measure) −0.227 − 0.139 −0.190 − 0.117
[0.126]* [0.0987] [0.104]* [0.0804]
 Observations 42,278 41,628 42,278 41,628
R2 0.183 0.232 0.188 0.203
Included controls
 Individual characteristics Yes Yes Yes Yes
 Political business cycle variables Yes Yes Yes Yes
 Quality of institutions variable Yes Yes Yes Yes
 Development level variables Yes Yes Yes Yes
 Demand shocks variables Yes Yes Yes Yes
 Province fixed effects Yes Yes Yes Yes
 Sector fixed effects Yes Yes Yes Yes
 Year fixed effects Yes Yes Yes Yes
 Province-time trends Yes Yes Yes Yes
  1. Source: Own elaboration. Notes: IV estimations. Standard errors clustered at the province-sector level in brackets. Control variables defined as in Table 2
  2. Significant at ***1%, **5%, and *10%