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Table 1 Employment shares by formality

From: Overlooked benefits of consumer credit growth: impact on formal employment

  Manufact. Manufact. Services Services Wholesale Wholesale
  2004 2012 2004 2012 2004 2012
Formal 68.7 79.3 67.8 76.2 55.6 72.1
Informal 32.3 20.7 32.2 23.8 44.4 27.9
  1. Source: Own estimates using household labor survey results provided by Turkstat