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Table 9 Availability of criminal records as a correlate of misconduct separation, Cox Proportional Hazard Model (customer service and sales)

From: Criminal background and job performance

  (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
All All All All Sales Sales Sales Sales Cust. Serv. Cust. Serv. Cust. Serv. Cust. Serv.
missing_crim 0.169 0.185 0.206 0.166 −0.232 − 0.245 − 0.209 − 0.336 0.00174 0.0121 0.0305 0.0686
(1.24) (1.26) (1.36) (1.06) (−0.28) (− 0.29) (− 0.24) (− 0.39) (0.02) (0.12) (0.29) (0.51)
sales 20.93*** 22.07*** 22.94*** 21.72***         
(143.59) (134.07) (131.46) (112.88)         
school   −0.112 −0.0819 − 0.0904   − 0.131 − 0.0903 − 0.132   − 0.0939 −0.0743 − 0.0560
  (−1.73) (−1.25) (−1.36)   (− 0.78) (−0.54) (− 0.75)   (−1.35) (− 0.98) (− 0.86)
fewer_short_jobs   − 0.172*** − 0.159*** − 0.169***   − 0.143** − 0.123* − 0.144*   − 0.163*** − 0.157*** − 0.153***
  (−5.86) (−5.12) (− 6.04)   (−2.68) (−2.24) (−2.46)   (−4.13) (−3.96) (−4.19)
longest_job   −0.0888*** −0.0784** − 0.0904***   − 0.0548 − 0.0461 − 0.0584   − 0.118*** −0.109*** − 0.121***
  (− 3.37) (− 2.90) (− 3.35)   (− 1.50) (− 1.30) (− 1.59)   (− 3.61) (− 3.36) (− 3.56)
badservice    0.151     0.141     0.158  
   (1.66)     (1.30)     (0.96)  
confidence    0.465***     0.595***     0.283  
   (3.82)     (4.22)     (1.38)  
rulebreaker1    −0.337**     −0.287     −0.304  
   (−2.71)     (−1.18)     (−1.62)  
open1     −0.188**     0.0240     −0.303***
    (−2.73)     (0.43)     (−5.09)
open2     −0.0791     14.65     0.0882
    (−0.52)     (.)     (0.60)
open3     0.0531     −0.0340     0.00142
    (0.59)     (−0.20)     (0.02)
con1     0.0435     0.138     0.00801
    (0.70)     (1.80)     (0.12)
con2     0.0338     0.205     −0.0752
    (0.51)     (1.64)     (−1.21)
con3     −0.0693     − 0.676     −0.0538
    (−1.26)     (− 1.27)     (−0.87)
extra1     0.0107     −0.0632     0.0186
    (0.25)     (−0.67)     (0.33)
extra2     0.0450     −0.0205     0.0578
    (0.41)     (−0.12)     (0.40)
extra3     −0.110     −0.00755     −0.143
    (−1.32)     (−0.17)     (−0.98)
agree1     −0.0578     −0.0105     −0.0839
    (−1.22)     (−0.10)     (−1.83)
agree2     −0.0719     −0.0193     −0.0910
    (−1.19)     (−0.16)     (−1.62)
agree3     0.177     14.90***     0.393**
    (1.29)     (86.12)     (2.68)
neur1     0.120     0.0563     0.0878
    (1.12)     (0.25)     (0.80)
neur2     0.00666     −0.0560     −0.0117
    (0.08)     (−0.51)     (−0.10)
neur3     − 0.157     −0.0643     −0.241**
    (−1.52)     (−0.42)     (−2.62)
firm_id dummies Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
location dummies Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Observations 21,300 21,300 21,300 21,300 5417 5417 5417 5417 14,538 14,538 14,538 14,538
  1. Sample includes all hired workers, regardless of whether criminal background information is available. t-statistics in parentheses. Robust standard errors
  2. *p < 0.10, **p < 0.05, ***p < .01